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Research Article

The Sixth Rhino: A Taxonomic Re-Assessment of the Critically Endangered Northern White Rhinoceros

  • Colin P. Groves mail,

    Colin.Groves@anu.edu.au

    Affiliation: School of Archaeology & Anthropology, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

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  • Prithiviraj Fernando,

    Affiliation: Centre for Conservation and Research, Rajagiriya, Sri Lanka

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  • Jan Robovský

    Affiliation: Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, České Budějovice, Czech Republic

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  • Published: April 07, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009703

Reader Comments (2)

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Species Concepts and Conservation

Posted by FCotterill on 29 Apr 2010 at 08:53 GMT

Most interesting paper for which the results are long overdue and sadly too late - given the plight of yet another large mammal.

The case of the distinctiveness of C. cottoni having been overlooked is not an isolated one. Another is the antelope Roberts' Lechwe, Kobus robertsi, dismissed as a "Red lechwe". There are likely other such victims of the persistence of typological taxonomy in mammalogy. The case of the "overlooked" southwest African desert warthog is yet another notorious example.

There are sound arguments that the Phylogenetic Species Concept (PSC) is the operational surrogate of Simpson's ESC (Evolutionary Species Concept). Indeed, a large literature has debated these issues. Ultimately, it is a matter of how one employs real data, from extant populations (museum specimens permitting) to evaluate the evolutionary histories of lineages.

The crux of the science at stake here is that these species exhibit independent evolutionary histories; in the case of C. cottoni and C. simum these lineages have been on distinct trajectories for much of the Pleistocene. Too bad that too much impetus is placed on whether such organisms "look similar".

you can download papers on lechwe taxonomy and species concepts etc from my website:
https://sites.google.com/...

No competing interests declared.